The Memorial to 1200 guardsmen / February 2011
This material is added after the second trip to Kaliningrad in 2011, a year after the first visit in 2010.

Obelisk to to 1200 guardsmen. Click on link to englarge. Photo 1.2Mb
The memorial complex in honor of the 11th Army soldiers, killed in the assault of Koenigsberg, is impressive on the Guards avenue (Gvardeiskiy prospekt) away from busy streets.

For many years, as I was told, it was a sacred place for every resident of Kaliningrad. As before, thousands of residents of Kaliningrad used to come here on April 9 to lay wreaths. But earlier, all the guests of the city were first taken to the Memorial to 1200, to pay tribute to the fallen in World War II, to stand in silence at the Eternal flame, to lay flowers. Today residents of Kaliningrad are more carried away by the German history of the city, the guidebooks give a very brief account of monuments to the fallen in the assault of the city. If it is written at all. It so happened that I personally happened to find out about this memorial quite by accident!

The Memorial, where 1,200 soldiers are buried (it is assumed that a lot more are buried there), is famous for being the country's first memorial dedicated to the fallen in the war against fascism. The initiative to create the monument belonged to the Military Council of the 11th Army. The guardsmen warriors erected that memorial in memory of their fellow soldiers. Many of those, whom the 11th army lost in battles in the East Prussia, have been reburied here. And as early as in September 1945 the memorial was opened in its original form. Later, the sculptural groups “Assault” and “Victory” were added to the Memorial.

The Memorial is a semi-oval square in the center of which rises a five-cant obelisk with a base in the form of a five-pointed star. Its sides are covered with reliefs with images of orders and medals, combat scenes. The height of the obelisk is 26 meters. The Eternal flame is alight in front of the obelisk – it was lit on May 9, 1960. In 1961, when after the Twentieth Party Congress they started to black out the name of Stalin from the history of Russia, his image was cut off from the obelisk. The name of Stalin was also removed from under his quote, “Our cause is right, we have won.” In 2005, during the restoration work, the profile of Stalin and his name had been returned to its original place.
Eternal flame.
The memorial square is bordered with a low granite wall, which houses the bas-reliefs and marble plaques with the names of those buried here. Along the wall there are four marble gravestones, which have also the carved names of the buried soldiers. On pedestals at the wall there towers the bust of the hero of the Soviet Union - an artillery colonel Sergey Ivanovich Poletsky and Major-General Stepan Savelevich Guryev, died while taking Pillau (Baltiysk). At the walls there are also two small obelisks in honor of the Heroes of the Soviet Union guards-major Anatoly Andreyevich Sergeyev and nurse Elena Kovalchuk, who died and were buried on the approaches to the East Prussia.

In 1995 the Orthodox chapel was erected near the monument, and behind the Memorial the creation of Victory Park began.

Hero of the Soviet Union – an artillery colonel Sergey Ivanovich Poletsky
Hero of the Soviet Union - an artillery colonel Sergey Ivanovich Poletsky.
Hero of the Soviet Union - Major-General Stepan Savelevich Guryev
Hero of the Soviet Union – Major-General Stepan Savelevich Guryev.
Chapel of Saint George the Victorious
Hours: Fri 11-17, Sat. - 11-17, Sun. 13-18.
Repair work at Victory Park.
A memorial stone in the park of the 55 anniversary of Victory.
МFuture location of the monument to Soviet intelligence officers.

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